The French possessive adjectives are: mon / ton / son / notre / votre / leur in the masculine singular; ma / ta / sa / notre / votre / leur in the feminine singular; mes / tes / ses / nos / vos / leurs in the plural; Possessive adjectives come before the noun they refer to. My = mon, ma, mes. See also the simpler lesson Mon, ma, mes; ton, ta, tes; son, sa, ses = my; your; his / her (possessive adjectives), and also Using "mon" rather than "ma" with feminine nouns starting with a vowel or mute h (possessive adjectives) and Expressing possession with son, sa, ses and personne, tout le monde, chacun, il faut (possessive adjectives), Want to make sure your French sounds confident? Here's a tip: Unlike in English, the French words for the months are not capitalized. There aren’t many terms of endearment more romantic than mon amour, which means “my love” in French. Here are the French possessive adjectives. French natives are more likely to use mon nounours because it’s cute, duh. Possessive adjectives - mon, ma, mes Possessive adjectives come before the noun, and show who something or someone belongs to . So, for the singular object, we need to use the masculin version. ATTENTION:Note that because of this, you cannot infer the gender of an owner based of the possessive adjective in French. Over 100,000 English translations of French words and phrases. We’ll map your knowledge and give you free lessons to focus on your A simple explanation of "Mon, ma, mes; ton, ta, tes; son, sa, ses = my; your; his / her (possessive adjectives)". Examples are used only to help you translate the word or expression searched in various contexts. Possessive adjectives come before the noun they refer to. In simple terms, ma (my), becomes mon, ta (your) becomes ton, and sa (his/her) becomes son before nouns that begin with vowels. You can now use them confidently in French sentences. Translations in context of "mon frère" in French-English from Reverso Context: mon petit frère, mon beau-frère, mon grand frère, tué mon frère, comme mon frère In both cases, you will use sa because of la copine! ", or an almost indignant refusal, as in "no way!" In English, we will use your because the owner here is you, (second person). The French possessive adjectives are: mon / ton / son / notre / votre / leur in the masculine singular; ma / ta / sa / notre / votre / leur in the feminine singular; mes / tes / ses / nos / vos / leurs in the plural; Possessive adjectives come before the noun they refer to. - In the second case, livres is plural, therefore we will use ses. Possessive adjectives are not normally used with parts of the body. Last 100 years Read our series of blogs to find out more. Unlike regular adjectives, possessive adjectives take the place of articles. - In the second case, collants is plural, therefore we will use tes. That’s because “ma,” ”ta,” and “sa” (my, your, and his/her) cannot be used preceding a noun that starts with a vowel. He's fitting his car with flashing (police) light. The Paul Noble Method: no books, no rote memorization, no chance of failure. English translations include, “my little teddy bear” or “my teddy bear.” Demain je sors avec mon petit nounours. However, the three feminine possessive adjectives change completely instead of just dropping a letter. For example; In the case of the possessive noun “our,” the French language uses “notre” for singular nouns following the adjective, and “nos” in case the noun that follows the adjective is plural. Notre, nos, votre, vos, leur, leurs = our, your, their (possessive adjectives), Common mistakes with mon/ma/mes, ton/ta/tes and son/sa/ses (possessive adjectives), Using "mon" rather than "ma" with feminine nouns starting with a vowel or mute h (possessive adjectives), Want to make sure your French sounds confident? If you’re catching up with a French-speaking friend, old or new, you’ll probably want to ask them how they are, and vice versa. So, you learn exactly how the locals speak. Use. I want to stress that the French Grammar ask for an accord in genre between the pronoun (mon - my) and the noun (ami - friend). Last 300 years. French possessive adjectives show who or whom the noun belongs to. But, there’s a lot more to French grammar that you will need to become fluent in French. Où sont passées mes tablettes de chocolat? If some nouns in the list are masculine, while others are feminine, they need different adjectives before them. Please report examples to be edited or not to be displayed. Create an account and sign in to access this FREE content. In French, we will also use the second person, but it only determines the first part of the adjective, so it could still be ton, ta or tes. gaps and mistakes. They agree with what they describe, rather than with the person who owns that thing. Just like the versions of the article “the,” “le” and “la” drop a letter and become “l” when they come before a noun that starts with a vowel. My beautiful. Having established that French possessive adjectives aren’t only affected by gender but by plurality or singularity of the noun, let us look at them in active sentences. How do you say “my” in French? Mon beau. Mon bébé. - In the first case, père is masculine, therefore we will use son. In French whatever possession adjective is used is determined by the gender of the possessed noun. Find more French words at wordhippo.com! In French, we will also use the third person, but it only determines the first part of the adjective, so it could be son, sa or ses. In this short article, we explain and provide some examples of the most common French verb tenses you'll come across. They’re not affected by the speaker’s gender. In French, the agreement of the possessive adjectives (my, your, his, her) doesn't work the same way as in English. When listing down nouns, French possessive must be used in front of every noun. Rude or colloquial translations are usually marked in red or orange. Revise and improve your French with detailed content, examples, audio, personalised practice tests and learning tools Mes is the easiest. The three different ways of saying 'my' are 'mon', 'ma' and 'mes'.-Mon is used when talking about a masculine object-Ma is used when talking about a feminine object-Mes is used when talking about more than one object (plural) So, as 'livre' is a masculine word, the correct grammar for the sentence would be 'C'est mon livre'. Last 10 years All rights reserved. In French, we will also use the first person, but it only determines the first part of the adjective, so it could still be mon, ma or mes. All Years Listen carefully to the French pronunciation and practice saying the French words aloud. For "mon ami" both are in the forms of masculine. "or "yeah, right! Arrêtez de m'interrompre si vous voulez que je poursuive mon récit. Indeed, in French, possessive adjectives agree with the possession, as well as with the owner. Think: Michelle my belle. This language learning app gives you the most common French words and phrases. In English, the possessive adjective only needs to be used once. - In the last case, voiture is feminine, therefore we will use ma. The English for mon is my. Here are a few suggestions to try! In case the noun is plural, the French word to use is “vos.”, Finally, there is the possessive adjective “their,” which translates to “leur” for both male and female nouns in the singular form. 5 – How to Choose the Correct French Possessive Adjectives. English Translation of “mon” | The official Collins French-English Dictionary online. French Possessive Adjectives: Mon, Ton, Son, and More. They are not selected or validated by us and can contain inappropriate terms or ideas. However for special words like pronouns, prepositions, etc. They have to correspond with the gender and number of the possessed noun. In French whatever possession adjective is used is determined by the gender of the possessed noun. Get the latest news and gain access to exclusive updates and offers, Create an account and sign in to access this FREE content. Revise and improve your French with detailed content, examples, audio, personalised practice tests and learning tools The following are characteristics of possessive adjectives French. - In the second case, chaussures is plural, therefore we will use mes. This gives you an insight into the natural use of French grammar. C’est son idée. English Translation of “mon” | The official Collins French-English Dictionary online. We’ll map your knowledge and give you free lessons to focus on your Hope this helps :) As mentioned earlier, every French noun is either masculine or feminine, even when speaking of things like chairs and books. In English, we will use my because the owner here is me, (first person). Possessive adjectives agree with what they describe, For more information on the difference between, The partitive article: du, de la, de l’ and des, Comparatives and superlatives of adjectives, Demonstrative adjectives: ce, cette, cet and ces, Using different types of pronoun together, Relative pronouns: qui, que, lequel, auquel, duquel, Demonstrative pronouns: ce, cela/ça, ceci, celui, The present tense: regular -er (first conjugation) verbs, The present tense: regular -ir (second conjugation) verbs, The present tense: regular -re (third conjugation) verbs, The present tense: spelling changes in -er verbs, Prepositions consisting of more than one word.
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